Grout Integrity Inspection

Several offshore operators have structures with grouted connections, yet a technology gap exists to enable confirmation of grouting presence and integrity. Acoustic Resonance Technology, ART, offers a robust solution for grout integrity inspection and is capable of detecting typical failures in grouted connections in offshore structures.

Grouting Integrity Inspection

Grouted connections are used in several offshore structures including applications such as monopile and jacket foundations for platforms and windmill turbines as well as ship hulls. Damages may develop over time in these structures due to stress from cycling, like voids initiated in shear key area and areas with different grout structure, due to poor installation of the grout.

Reliable inspection of these structures is crucial in order to extend lifespan of the structures with grouted connections and ensure safety. In the past such inspections have been limited to visual inspection of the top area where the grout is visible and no information has been accessible from the grout behind the steel casings in the lower parts of such structures. In particular at the bottom of such structures, where the damage is believed to be most critical, a non-destructive inspection method is of high demand.

Figure 1: Crack detection
Figure 2: Change of density, ρ, between shear keys

The TSC Subsea ARTEMIS™ is an ROV-mountable inspection tool developed for non-destructive external inspection of subsea assets with steel casings. It can be deployed to conduct inspections of grouted connections and provide in-depth analysis of the structure’s integrity by using several sensors, giving a high resolution image in real time.

The technology detects and maps defects such as:
• Dis-bondment between the steel and the grout
• Void behind the steel plate or detecting the presence of grout
• Cracks behind the steel plate
• Density change in the grout behind the steel plate

Some grouted connections are made with so called shear keys, to increase the resistance between the steel and the grout, and with the TSC ARTEMIS™ the position of the shear keys and the integrity of the surrounding grout can be detected.

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